What Is An Abstract For A Research Paper?

You might get an assignment to write an abstract without a clue on where to start. What is an abstract for research paper? Abstract writing forms an integral part of academic papers since it prefaces the entire research in a few words. Thus, an abstract a short explanation of a research paper that reveals the primary purpose of the analysis, the research problems, study design, findings, and interpretations. It aims to give an overview of the research analysis.

Moreover, you have to make your abstract informative, clear, and catchy since it determines your essay’s direction and whether the readers will opt to continue reading the entire paper. Usually, it covers around 300 words or one paragraph.   

This article delves into helping you understand how to write an abstract for a research paper and everything you should know about outline creation, topic ideas, and mistakes to avoid when composing an exceptional abstract.

How to Write An Abstract For A Research Paper

Most learners often grapple with comprehending the intricacies of an abstract. Since it summarizes the entire research paper, you must ensure that it has the perfect word choice to persuade the intended audience into reading your thesis. Having the ability to engage readers translates into a successful abstract that informs them of the main objective of your research paper. 

How do you write an abstract for a research paper? One crucial aspect to note is that abstract writing focuses on clarity and conciseness. Summarizing abilities is a positive factor when composing abstracts. Thus, your word choice should be on point to enhance communication. You can use active voice to economize words and pass the intended message. Therefore, be coherent, clear, and brief to develop an excellent abstract.

Abstract writing usually follows a unique approach since you need to write it after completing the entire thesis. While many students might begin their paper with an abstract, it is a grave mistake that might jeopardize the research. The chances of leaving out significant points are high. Moreover, you need to write it as an independent section while paraphrasing highlighted themes. Summarize your entire report in a paragraph that communicates effectively to the target audience. 

Therefore, what should be included in an abstract for a research paper? The major elements that make up an abstract include an introduction, methodology, results, and conclusion. Each section is unique and must capture the entire analysis in the abstract. 

What Can I Write About?

Understanding how to write an effective abstract for a research paper will lead you to identify your central focus. While abstract writing entails informative and descriptive styles, it is essential to identify the primary research purpose before composing the abstract. 

Here are some interesting research topic ideas you can derive from a great abstract:

  • Analyze study skills and academic satisfaction
  • How social media exposes police brutality in today’s society 
  • An examination of football injuries on long-term health 
  • Should fast foods be banned to encourage healthy living?
  • The impact of mobile technology on academic performance
  • The effect of social media comparisons
  • How to address dating abuse among teenagers
  • Why online dating deception is on the rise 

Furthermore, you can conduct in-depth research and find numerous examples of an abstract for a research paper. Identify the logic behind them and use it to inspire your next thesis abstract.

Abstract Research Paper Outline

Outline creation is essential if you want to compose an outstanding abstract that meets the required academic standards. While most learners may ignore the outline due to the conciseness of an abstract, it is vital to develop one to capture all the proper components. An outline will guide you on how to start an abstract for a research paper.

Below is a snippet of the abstract outline:

  1. Introduction

Since it is the first section, make the introductory sentences brief and exciting to grab the readers’ interests. Here, you need to reveal the primary objective of the research analysis, background information, and the issues your research will solve. Your audience should understand the significance and implication of your research clearly in the introduction section.

  1. Methodology

This section covers the ‘how,’ ‘why’ and ‘what’ of the research study. It entails the research design, subject, setting/location, and external influences. You must let your readers understand why you picked the particular subject and the research methods you intend to use to get effective results. You should also reveal the validation process of the paper’s results.

  1. Results/Findings 

All academic papers have a climax, and this section culminates the abstract. It comprises the study’s main findings, a declaration of its importance, and the methods used in data collection. Besides, this section must be within the scope of your research study and the valid results. Here, you are only required to state the findings without any form of interpretation.

  1. Conclusion

This is a conclusive paragraph that entails a short explanation of the results.

Let your readers know the implications and why the results are essential from the analysis. You can also include recommendations that are relevant to the findings from the study.

Abstract Research Paper Example

Our competent writers have numerous compilations of abstract samples to guide students during the writing phase. When you have an example, you can quickly formulate your abstract using a similar concept. 

Below is an example of an abstract for a research paper to help you comprehend the logic of the above sections:

Topic: The impact of video game addiction on academic performance: A case study of male students

The Abstract

This research analyzes the rising trend of excessive video game indulgence and overdependence among male students in the university. It analyzes video game addiction and how it affects academic performance, social relationships and instigates unethical behavior, such as substance abuse.  Male participants in the study were 500 third-year students living off-campus at a top-rate University. At the beginning of the semester, participants were required to complete specific surveys: one of video game indulgence and the second was of social relationships and the severity of game addiction. Findings showed that video game addiction (A) negatively affects social interactions, (B) results in reduced academic performance, (C) increases substance abuse due to peer pressure among senior third-year students. Results are debated concerning consequences for male university students and class performance, and the power of game addiction.  

The above abstract is a summary of a research paper on video game addiction. Apart from following an official academic structure, it is also presented in the past tense since abstracts are written after thesis completion.

Popular Mistakes When Writing An Abstract 

Now that you are familiar with how to write an abstract for a scientific research paper, you are in a better position to craft an exception abstract with the above considerations. Even though you might be a good writer, mistakes are inevitable, and you may find yourself with trivial faults. Some unavoidable writing mistakes can enhance your abstract, and you will eventually submit a top-notch abstract to your tutor. Here are some of the mistakes:

  1. Lengthy Abstract

Most students fail at summarizing their report, resulting in lengthy phrases. Abstracts must be short and precise; thus, ensure you identify the significant point and make the abstract as brief as possible.

  1. Not Paraphrasing

Since the abstract includes points from the thesis, it is imperative to paraphrase the words. Don’t copy the sentences from the report and put them directly on your abstract. Learn how to restate sentences to avoid this writing blunder.

  1. Partial Summary

Another grave mistake is when learners craft a partial summary in the abstract. Not summarizing the entire paper will result in an ineffective abstract, and the readers will not understand your research goals. You have to capture each section of the paper to give your readers an authentic overview. 

  1. Using As Introduction

Though you can compose your abstract in the initial writing stages, it is advisable to write it after you complete the research paper. Introducing the abstract first results in leaving out significant highlights from the main paper. 

  1. Lack of Keywords

Do not underestimate the power of incorporating keywords in your abstract. It is a vital aspect that ensures proper paper indexing and online visibility. Your thesis will rank high in search engines if you input appropriate keywords.

  1. Excessive/Insufficient Research Methods

Summarizing the research methods is essential in attaining a successful abstract. Thus, ensure you do not include too many or insufficient procedures used in data collection. 

  1. Incorrect Citations

Finally, don’t forget to work with the academic paper’s parameters as per the required formatting styles. Search online for a sample of an abstract for a research APA format to familiarize yourself with the citation rules to avoid plagiarism issues. 

We have mentioned a few writing mistakes above, among many others that most students make. Therefore, if you want to craft a winning abstract, keep these potential blunders in mind, and you will earn impressive grades by submitting a top-notch abstract.